Aorta

arteria maxima

Schematic view of the aorta and a number of its most important branches

Function: distributes oxygenated blood to all parts of the body through the systemic circulation
Location: left ventricle of the heart and extending down to the abdomen, where it bifurcates into two smaller arteries (the common iliacs).
Branches: Ascending Aorta , Arch of aorta (supra-aortic vessels), Descending aorta, thoracic part:
Source: Left ventricle
Supplies: Systemic circulation
Part of system: Cardiovascular System